Archive for the 'Mary Magdalene' Category
I call it the âBlessingâ even though we are lead to think the âDoubtâ was a flaw in the nature of Thomas and that Jesus admonished him for his failure to believe without proof.
The âDoubtâ of Thomas is taken to refer to his scepticism about the physical re-incarnation of Christ as reported to him by the apostles â that Jesus had indeed beaten the âdeath-barrierâ The other possibility that Thomas simply wanted to be certain that it was indeed Jesus and not an impostor is somewhat underplayed. âDoubtâ is therefore vilified as being unchristian â at least in Johnâs gospel.
This excerpt from a sermon I pulled up on the web, seems to support my contention…
â~The question is, will we be a doubter, or will we be one of those who Jesus said were blessed because they believe, even though they have not seen?
Dear Father, help us to believe in our heart those truths we find in your Holy Word, even though we have not seen them with our eyes. Amen.â
I personally find the above quote rather invidious, in that a member of a Congregational flock (especially a child) really has little choice but to try to believe without question, in order to remain part of the group. In one fell swoop, the prayer above brands anyone who doubts as being wrong and therefore not blessed by Jesus. The conclusion, that it is in some way unchristian to doubt and question, cannot be avoided. The conditioning is further underlined by the fact that the excerpt comes from âSermons for Kidsâ:
âQuestioning beliefâ therefore becomes a secret process, carrying with it the guilt of deception, together with a sense of inadequacy and âwrongnessâ.
All the translations of the Holy Bible I have looked at, including the modern-language ones, read in a steady scholastic way, probably due to the influence of the translators, who were probably âbookish-monkishâ and almost certainly cloistered.
So letâs go back 1,974 years and look at the scene in the familiar âhumanâ way of newspapers and contemporary writing:
~ Jesus has just been crucified â his disciples are in great danger from the authorities, who having âseen toâ the group leader, are now keen to âmop upâ his possibly disorientated followers. It would have probably been wiser for the sect to disband, at least for a while, until the heat died down; but no â their elation at having seen Jesus eight days earlier when he was supposed to be dead has brought them together again, this time with Thomas who wasnât at the first meeting.
I cannot understate the danger they must have been in:
Ciaiphas had persuaded the Romans, through the political face-saving manoeuvrings of Pilate, to remove any remaining threat to their authority. The establishment would no doubt be hoping that the group would attempt to meet. Roman and possibly Jewish spies would be dispatched to merge and infiltrate the close community. Every move made by the disciples and Mary would be tracked. One can imagine bribes, rewards and promises of promotion being given, together with threats to the Jews to reveal the whereabouts of the criminals â the blasphemers.
I can imagine the thoughts of Thomas:
âMary didnât recognise Jesus at the tombâ
âWhat if he is an impostor and a spy?â
I can imagine him listening to Mary and asking:
âBut why didnât you touch him? Why didnât you touch the wounds?â
Maryâs response âhe told me not toâ would only raise the suspicion that the wounds were false and painted on the body of the impostor.
Thomas was probably aware that Mary touched Jesus often; bathing and anointing himâŚshe would know by touch or smell if Jesus was genuine.
âMaybe thatâs why the man claiming to be Jesus told Mary not to touch him, and now heâs probably tracked us down to one of our risky meetings behind closed and locked doors.â
Thomas may have come to the conclusion that the authorities were trying to capture them all. He had not been there when the disciples saw him the previous Monday, eight days ago â plenty of time for a possible Jesus-spy to sort out an ambush.
All that would be needed would be a signal, like the Judas-kiss and they would all suffer a slow painful death.
So it is understandable that Thomas would consider that the only practical way of being sure that the man was not an impostor, would be to examine the wounds to see if they were real. If they were real, then that would be the proof he needed.
So here we are the following Tuesday. Again a clandestine meeting behind locked doors; fear and danger are palpable. Suddenly Jesus or the impostor is in the room â
Perhaps he was there all the time, although John does make it sound like a miraculous materializationâŚ
~âAnd after eight days, again his disciples were within and Thomas with them: then came Jesus, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst and said, Peace be unto you.
Then said he to Thomas, Reach hither thy finger and behold my hands; and reach hither thy hand and thrust it into my side; and be not faithless, but believing.â
ââŚand be not faithless, but believing.â
How often the above statement is used to quell doubt; to bring conformity and obedience within religious groups. How many of a congregation in a church, temple or mosque, would have the courage to stand up and say:
âIâm not sure if a God exists, but Iâm looking and thinking, analysing and praying that one does exist because if there is no God and no Afterlife, then all I have left are of few years on this planet before final oblivion.â
Of course those are my words and fears and yet my Doubt is what actually motivates me and drives me on. It is my doubt that spurs me to attend meetings; to read and meditate on the concept of eternity. Sometimes I think that if this planet and this three-dimensional existence were âallâ then maybe we would take better care of it and of ourselves, instead of putting up with this life and its problems as merely an annex to a âbetter place.â
Itâs no use leaving this world in a mess, or destroying it because thereâs a Heaven to go to.
Meanwhile, back in the locked meeting room, âDoubting Thomasâ has got the proof he needed:
âAnd Thomas answered and said unto him, âMy Lord and my God.â
By uttering the words above, Thomas at once exposed himself to the greatest physical risk if caught or betrayed. He had not referred to Jesus as the Son of God, but as God Himself â as God incarnate â total blasphemy to any establishment surveillance. Death would be a blessed release from the torture he would have to endure if reported and captured. No wonder Annas Ciaiphas, Pilate and the Jewish community wanted rid of Jesus. The upstart Christ had the potential to destroy the Jewish holy order â not that the Romans would have minded too much, except as an occupying force, they would have sought to keep the Jews âin their placeâ. Pilate would be keen to âkeep the peaceâ â as the envoy from Rome, he would be blamed if dangerous uprisings threatened the stability of the Roman occupation. How very modern and News 24 it all soundsâŚ
It is the final statement of Jesus that is used most often today, to quell doubt and the inevitable questioning that follows â questioning that might destabilise the current religious establishments, much in the way Annas and Ciaiphas feared the influence of Jesus:
âJesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed; blessed are they that have not seen, and yet have believed.â
Of course âTheyâ or blessed; âTheyâ do not have the gnawing doubt; âTheyâ do not have the moments of elation, followed by misgivings. âTheyâ are the believers.
But then, what is âBeliefâ and would you die for your belief, without the proof Thomas needed? Perhaps more importantly, would you take the risk of losing that belief in the light of critical analysis, or would you prefer to embrace what you perceive as âThe Mysteryâ, and are afraid that investigation will reveal âthe lightâ to be an illusion? It may be more virtuous to doubt courageously, than to hide behind a group-screen of blind belief and conformity.
The Blessing of Thomas for me is that I do not feel so alone in my doubt.
illustration at top of page: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Incredulity_of_Saint_Thomas_(Caravaggio)2 comments
Craig Price as Jesus in Bill Kenwright’s Production of Jesus Christ Superstar
~ I have always been fascinated with the characters of Jesus and Mary, so when the chance to help to direct a new actor in the role for the National Tour of Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webber’s âJesus Christ Superstarâ came along, I naturally grabbed it with both hands.
In order to prepare, I turned first to the Bible and re-read the accounts of Jesusâ brief ministry. The New Testament seemed to exhibit the signs of censorship and âspinâ. Was Jesus really like my childhood hero, Marshall Matt Dillon in the television series Gunsmoke? If Matt was Jesus with a Stetson on his head and a star on his chest, did Mary Magdalene work behind the counter of the Last Chance Saloon, in the guise of Kitty the barmaid? A celibate hero of fairplay and humanity and his platonic relationship with a tarnished woman of the world?
Tim Rice seemed to think so:
Judas: âItâs not that I object to her profession. But she doesnât fit in well with what you do and say.â
Times have changed and todayâs action heroâs are more vulnerable, flawed, lusty and three dimensional than my pure and innocent stereotypes of the 1950âs. Could the canonical gospels of Mathew, Mark, Luke and John, be presenting a cleaned-up version of the Jesus-story? Could the New Testament be simply an authorized biography, compiled and edited for the purpose of evangelistic recruitment and the promotion of the central figure of Jesus as being supernatural and divine.
When I have the choice of an âauthorisedâ or âunauthorisedâ biography, I invariably choose the âunauthorisedâ version. The other may have been censored and airbrushed to project an approved image of the personality in question. This is usually for the benefit of that person and the organisation surrounding them.
âLet me try to cool down your face a bit.â Mary sang and glided across the stage, through the excited apostle-dancers. âOh Mary, that is goodâ Helen the actress playing Mary, hugged Jesus close and lovingly, as she massaged his forehead with ointment. I worried â was the scene going too far? Outside the Bristol Hippodrome, Christian fundamentalists were picketing the entrance. Would their presence increase or decrease ticket sales?
Was I wrong in thinking about money? What about the reviews? I compromised, âCraig love â can you stop looking so turned on?â Mary giggled. Suddenly Craig launched himself at Mary âStop it Craig!â blurted Helen. Somewhere underneath the mass of white robes and long wig that had been Jesus, her giggles had turned to shrieks of laughter. The apostles sniggered and the bellowing laughter of Ciaiphas echoed in the wings. âOk guys â letâs have a break.â I went for a short walk in the fresh air to mull things over. Standing on the theatre steps, I was confronted by an unhappy protestor. âThis is blasphemyâ he said. As I walked around the theatre, I thought about the angry, unhappy faces and how they contrasted with the hilarity I had just witnessed on stage. Surely Jesus had laughed and teased Mary and the apostles? I made a mental note to find places in the production for a laughing Jesus.
I realised that Jesus had become a symbol and a bridge of belief that for those outside the theatre was being threatened. Yet during the evening performances, other Christians were being moved to tears and even non-believers were being made to think twice about their discarded beliefs.
It had started to rain, so I pushed through the earnest crowds and walked down the central aisle of the theatre stalls. Jesus and Judas were sharing holiday photos with Annas and Ciaiphas. âOk, Letâs pick up from where we stoppedâ Craigâs face became âvisionaryâ, Alistair and Steve retreated to their high balcony on stage right, to look down on them as the ominous Ciaiphas and Annas and Helen once more became the loving âredeemedâ Mary. Well almost; âHelen! Put those photos away!â.
Even though Jesus Christ Superstar is about Jesus the man, the transformation became two dimensional. I remembered Jimmy Porter in John Osborneâs last play ,DĂŠjĂ vu and his cynical remark on society âStereotypes allâ Even John Osborne became the stereotype of the foppish country gentleman in his last days.
What I mean about two-dimensional is the physical appearance of Jesus and Mary. As you can see in the illustration at the bottom of this post, there is an expectation that Jesus will be tall, slim and with a handsome aesthetic face. Jesus should also have white robes and preferably blue eyes.
Mary the Prostitute: Mary Magdalene has become so linked with the prostitute in the bible (although that is not certain - I will write about this soon) that she is seen as having dark hair and is usually dressed in red (see illustrations at top and bottom of article). A squat, swarthy Jesus would not do - neither would a plain studious woman fit the public expectation in the part of Mary.
Jesus the symbol and the stereotype: The protestors did not want Tim Rice and Andrew Lloyd Webberâs Jesus to be a three-dimensional man. Superstar or not â to have Jesus as a man, would imply that Jesus would have had human failings, as well as his sanctity and divinity
Judas sings: âIf you strip away the Myth from the Manâ âYouâve started to believe the things they say of you. You really do believe this talk of God is trueâ
Later the spirit, (or is it the soul?) of Judas, descends a staircase (from Heaven?) and admonishes Jesus:
âEvery time I look at you I donât understand, how you let the things you did get so out of hand. Youâd have managed better if you had it planned. Why did you choose such a strange time and such a strange land. If youâd come today, you would have reached the whole nation. Israel in BC had no mass-communicationâ
Mass communication or not, the life of Jesus had spread rapidly throughout the east. Jesus became a prophet of Islam; the Jewish God YHWA became also Allah and Jesus ascended as a symbol to be found in Tao and Buddhist philosophy. In a sense the spirit of Jesus was released from his earthly body at the moment of physical death and is still radiating outward, touching and affecting people in such a personal way, that he is represented as Asian, Caucasian, Oriental, Negroid. That is the Spirit of Jesus
But what of the Soul of Jesus and is that different from the Spirit?
In the beautiful translation of the Gnostic Gospel of Mary Magdalene by Jean-Yves Leloup, Mary receives a vision of the resurrected Jesus:
Then I said to him: Lord, when someone meets you in a Moment of vision, is it through the soul (psyche) that they see, or is it through the Spirit (Pneuma)?
I doubt if the Gospel of Mary Magdalene will ever be accepted into the church establishment. The thought that Jesus may have been a vision and not re-incarnated flesh and blood may be shattering and casts immediate doubt on the account in the Gospel of John (and only in the Gospel of John) of âdoubtingâ Thomas placing his fingers into the wounds.
But Jesus answers Mary: It is neither through the soul nor the spirit, but the nous between the two which sees the vision, and it is this whichâŚ.
(My father had the “Nous”) - http://soulmerlin.com/almanack/?cat=30
Tantalisingly, the next four pages are missing. Could they have been censored? Would the revelations of the supposed Jesus-vision have destroyed the symbol and therefore the stereotype Jesus the early Christians sought to create?
Certainly the next pages after the omission resemble the journey of the soul toward the light, as found in the Tibetan Book of the Dead. Perhaps the Gospel of Mary Magdalene was written by a Taoist monk, himself reacting to the story of Jesus and integrating it to his beliefs.
Nevertheless what follows is stupendous in its spirituality and mystery:
âI left the world with the aid of another world; a design was erased, by virtue of a higher design. Henceforth I travel toward Repose, where time rests in the Eternity of Time; I go now into Silence.â Having said all this, Mary became silent, for it was in silence that the Teacher spoke to her.
That silence is something that every Spiritualist and Quaker; every monk and nun who has taken a vow of silence will understand. Only when the relentless chatter that goes on, both inside and outside of a personâs head, has been silenced, will the âstill small voiceâ be heard.
Directing Craig as Jesus, involved finding the spirit of Jesus within the man. As Elaine Pagels says so clearly in her book âBeyond Beliefâ, in the conflict between the Gospels of John and Thomas:
âFor what John rejects as religiously inadequate â the conviction that the divine dwells as âlightâ within all beings â is much like the hidden âgood newsâ that Thomasâs gospel proclaims. Many Christians today, who read the Gospel of Thomas, assume at first that it is simply wrong and deservedly called heretical. Yet what Christians have disparagingly called Gnostic and heretical sometimes turn out to be forms of Christian teaching that are merely unfamiliar to us â unfamiliar precisely because of the active and successful opposition of Christians such as John.
So Craig and I looked at the Queran (Koran), the Holy Bible and also the Taoist “Guru” Osho, who in his book “The Pathless Path” states that the teachings of Jesus indicate that he must have spent some time in the East - strange but not impossible as there are three “lost” years just before Jesus commenced his teaching.
The lyrics of Tim Rice also give a thoughtful slant on Jesus “the Man”
“I only want to say, If there is a way
Take this cup away from me, cause I don’t want to taste it’s poison
Feel it burn me, I have changed, I’m not the same as when I started.
Then I was inspired, now I’m sad and tired…”
For me, the vunerability of Jesus is as important as his Divinity. I can identify with him as a human being and through him, rather like a lens, I can perceive something of “The Light.”
I can accept the right of the Christians outside of the theatre to protest and try to stop the performance â but at the same time, when a belief becomes so set and rigid that the believer attempts to stop others from following their own pathway, that belief becomes frozen, petrified and without the prospect of further growth and development.
Oh yes â Craig and Helen were
wonderful as Jesus and Mary.
ps - that’s not Craig and Helen above, but an illustration of the stereotypical perception of Jesus and Mary. Now go and look again at the photo at the top of this post.
Thatâs a provocative opening statement, but there is quite some evidence to suggest that she was a remarkable woman - the counterpoint to Jesus.
Dan Brown and the Da Vinci Code have awakened an interest in Mary as a woman and of her relationship with Jesus. There is a liberal contemporary view that tries to find the âManâ in Jesus and the corresponding âWomanâ in Mary.
Of course what I am really referring to with âthe Manâ is the idea of Jesus as having earthly desires.Â Without Jesus having experienced them, I cannot see how he could really comprehend the essence of the life-force that is who we were then and are now.
I resist a personified, moralistic concept of a God; male and authoratitive, who dominates the religions of Christianity and Islam - quite unlike the more feminine religions of the East - of Buddhism and Tao.
So I admit I am biased when it comes to any discovery of a sexual side to Jesus - and of course to Mary.
Much of religious doctrine boils down to sex ~ and the avoidance of it.
âAnyone who has read Dan Brownâs The Da Vinci Code is aware that his entire novel revolves around the alleged historical fact that Jesus and Mary Magdalene married and had a child together (2003, pp. 244-245). Brown bases his claim on the following brief statements from the non-inspired, gnostic Gospel of Philip, which apparently was penned during the second or third century (cf. Meyer, 2005b, p. 63; Isenberg, n.d.). [NOTE: Brackets indicate missing words.]
Three women always walked with the master: Mary his mother,  sister, and Mary of Magdala, who is called his companion. For Mary is the name of his sister, his mother and his companion (Meyer, 2005b, p. 57).
The companion of the  is Mary of Magdala. The  her more than  the disciples,  kissed her often on her . The other âŚsaid to him, âWhy do you love her more than all of us?â (Meyer, 2005b, p. 63).â
You see - I want the translation to read âThe Saviour Loved her more than all of the disciples, and kissed her often on her Mouth. The other (and that indicates that Mary was a disciple also) disciples said to him, âWhy do you love her more than all of us?â
That indicates that Mary was the Nurturing Goddess, fused to the earth and that Jesus was the brilliance of the God ~ a combined personification of âThe Allâ.
Iâd go with that.
The toast pictures are from http://athenadiaries.blogspot.com/ ~ it looks a good site thoâ Iâve only skimmed it so far.
excerpt from ~ http://www.apologeticspress.org/articles/30591 comment